Agonist and toxin sensitivities of ACh-evoked currents on neurons expressing multiple nicotinic ACh receptor subunits.

TitleAgonist and toxin sensitivities of ACh-evoked currents on neurons expressing multiple nicotinic ACh receptor subunits.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsMandelzys A, De Koninck P, Cooper E
JournalJ Neurophysiol
Volume74
Issue3
Pagination1212-21
Date Published1995 Sep
ISSN0022-3077
KeywordsAcetylcholine, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Cells, Cultured, Dimethylphenylpiperazinium Iodide, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Electrophysiology, Neurons, Nicotine, Oocytes, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Nicotinic, RNA, Messenger
Abstract

1. We have investigated the pharmacological properties of functional nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) on neonatal rat sympathetic neurons from the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) to learn more about the subunit composition of these receptors. These neurons express five nAChR transcripts: alpha 3, alpha 5, alpha 7, beta 2, and beta 4; this finding suggests that SCG neurons may express several different, physiologically distinct, subtypes of nAChRs. 2. To identify potential subtypes, we have characterized currents evoked by different nicotinic agonists and determined their sensitivity to blockade by alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-BTX) and by neuronal bungarotoxin (n-BTX). From dose-response curves, we find that the ED50 for both cytisine and dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP) is 20 microM and for ACh is 52 microM. n-BTX blocks the ACh-gated currents rapidly, but the kinetics for n-BTX removal is dependent on the duration of the application: brief applications were quickly reversible, whereas prolonged applications took orders of magnitude longer to reverse. 3. Using fast (ms) agonist application, we observed no rapidly desensitizing currents despite the high levels of alpha 7 in these neurons, nor did we observe any currents that could be blocked by alpha-BTX. 4. Using Xenopus oocytes expressing alpha 7 receptors, we show that choline evokes a significant current that is blocked by alpha-BTX. In contrast, choline is much less potent on alpha 3 beta 4 receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Choline can also act as a weak agonist for nAChRs on rat SCG neurons, but its evoked current is not blocked by alpha-BTX. 5. Our results indicate that, when measured at the macroscopic level, most functional nAChRs on SCG neurons behave as a uniform population of receptors, at least with respect to agonist activation and toxin blockade. In comparison with known receptors expressed in heterologous systems, the physiological properties of ACh-evoked currents on SCG neurons are most similar to receptors that have coassembled with both beta 2 and beta 4.

Alternate JournalJ. Neurophysiol.
PubMed ID7500145

Funding

Our research endeavors are made possible by the following agencies:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research - Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FRQNT)Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec NARSAD Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) - Conseil de recherche en sciences naturelles et en génie du Canada (CRSNG)innovation.caHuman Frontier Science Program