Transition from reversible to persistent binding of CaMKII to postsynaptic sites and NR2B.

TitleTransition from reversible to persistent binding of CaMKII to postsynaptic sites and NR2B.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsBayer K U, Lebel E, McDonald GL, O'Leary H, Schulman H, De Koninck P
JournalJ Neurosci
Volume26
Issue4
Pagination1164-74
Date Published2006 Jan 25
ISSN1529-2401
Keywords2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate, Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Binding Sites, Calcium, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases, Cell Line, Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists, Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists, Glutamic Acid, Glycine, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Hippocampus, Humans, Ionomycin, Kidney, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Missense, N-Methylaspartate, Neuronal Plasticity, Phosphorylation, Point Mutation, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, Protein Interaction Mapping, Protein Isoforms, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Protein Transport, Rats, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Synapses, Transfection
Abstract

Changes in protein-protein interactions and activity states have been proposed to underlie persistent synaptic remodeling that is induced by transient stimuli. Here, we show an unusual stimulus-dependent transition from a short-lived to long-lasting binding between a synaptic receptor and its transducer. Both molecules, the NMDA receptor subunit NR2B and Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), are strongly implicated in mediating synaptic plasticity. We show that CaMKII reversibly translocates to synaptic sites in response to brief stimuli, but its resident time at the synapse increases after longer stimulation. Thus, CaMKII localization reflects temporal patterns of synaptic stimulation. We have identified two surface regions of CaMKII involved in short-lived and long-term interactions with NR2B. Our results support an initial reversible and Ca2+/CaM-dependent binding at the substrate-binding site ("S-site"). On longer stimulation, a persistent interaction is formed at the T286-binding site ("T-site"), thereby keeping the autoregulatory domain displaced and enabling Ca2+/CaM-independent kinase activity. Such dual modes of interaction were observed in vitro and in HEK cells. In hippocampal neurons, short-term stimulation initiates a reversible translocation, but an active history of stimulation beyond some threshold produces a persistent synaptic localization of CaMKII. This activity-dependent incorporation of CaMKII into postsynaptic sites may play a role in maturation and plasticity of synapses.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3116-05.2006
Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci.
PubMed ID16436603
PubMed Central IDPMC2890238
Grant ListR01 NS052644 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS052644-01A2 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States

Funding

Our research endeavors are made possible by the following agencies:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research - Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FRQNT)Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec NARSAD Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) - Conseil de recherche en sciences naturelles et en génie du Canada (CRSNG)innovation.caHuman Frontier Science Program